Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Recovering from the ShakeOut earthquake; 2011; Article; Journal; Earthquake Spectra; Wein, Anne; Johnson, Laurie; Bernknopf, Richard, The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. Stay away from windows and outside doors. House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. Check for the smell of gas. Hundreds of Southern California municipalities will be affected; most lack recovery plans or previous disaster experience. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Do not move around or kick up dust. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help. Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Prepare for a major earthquake today by preparing your earthquake safety kit. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS-DOST) release this posters in their Facebook Page.If you’re not yet aware of, for the past two days, there has been series of strong earthquakes happening in Luzon and Visayas. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Listen to the radio or television for information from authorities. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Earthquakes In The Midwestern And Eastern United States?! Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Getting ready before an earthquake strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive. After an Earthquake Once the shaking has stopped, leave the building or house you are in and retreat to an open space away from damaged areas. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? What You Should Do After the Earthquake . What to do after an earthquake? Monitoring earthquake shaking in federal buildings; 2005; FS; 2005-3052; Celebi, Mehmet; Page, Robert A. Place telephone receivers back in their cradles; only make calls if requiring emergency services. Follow their instructions. Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. Stay there until the shaking stops. Walk out carefully watching for anything that could fall during the aftershocks. Practice Drop, Cover and Hold. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! What can be done? First responders may be injured themselves and/or their equipment may be damaged. The agency recommends keeping a fire extinguisher in your home, particularly if you live in a quake zone. What to do after an earthquake. Wash your hands with soap and water after holding on to commonly touched surfaces or objects. Typically, the larger the mainshock, the larger and more numerous the aftershocks and the longer they will continue. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Check for injuries that you or others have obtained from the earthquake. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). Conduct a safety check – Once you are in a safe place, check yourself and others for injuries, and call for help if needed. If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. What to Do Before an Earthquake. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. 1 Make sure you and your family are unharmed. The Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) advises to extinguish small fires (if you can do so safely) and report larger ones to emergency services right away. First of all, a person should check if he/she has suffered any injury. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. If you are near the shore, drop, cover, and hold on until the shaking stops. There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. The Earthquake Commission or EQC requires homeowners to take all the necessary steps they can to prevent further damage to an insured property. DON'T run downstairs or rush outside while... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Do not use the elevator. Expect aftershocks and remember to drop, cover and hold. Wear sturdy shoes to protect your feet from broken glass. Know what to do in each stage. Be on the lookout for small fires and extinguish them, if … At least 709 deaths resulted from earthquake activity worldwide in 2007, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. Earthquakes can occur in Indiana at any time. Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you). or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Clean up household chemical spills, toxic and flammable materials to avoid any chain of unwanted events. Check yourself and others for injuries. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" Develop a Household Emergency Plan. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway). Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Prepare yourself … The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. Before an earthquake occurs: Prepare for three to seven days of electricity, water, gas, and telephone outages. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). Slowly descend the stairs of the building and exit outside. Avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs and other hazards. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. These are some of the things you need to know and to do before, during and after an earthquake. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. After an earthquake. Water pipes and gas and electrical lines are all susceptible to damage during an earthquake. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Checking for injuries: After the tremors of earthquake subside, the following precautions must be adopted and recovery activities must be carried out: a. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On during aftershocks. Stay away from beaches. If possible, use the staircase after or during an earthquake. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Never use an elevator after an earthquake. Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.), The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Do not leave until the shaking is over. It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside. Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it. 4 Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. What to do after an earthquake. After an earthquake. Photograph credit: Erol Kalkan, USGS, Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from the South Napa Earthquake. After the shaking subsides, assess your wellbeing and that of those around you. Expect aftershocks. If you’re in a stadium or theater, exit the building calmly, watching out for any debris that could fall on you. Emergency messages will be transmitted to your cell phone. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Here is what happens after an earthquake: Expect, and be prepared for, aftershocks. After an earthquake. Turn on the radio. Get a quick, personalized insurance quote today. Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. Stay alert for aftershocks. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Develop a family earthquake plan. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. If You Are In Your Car Or Driving and an Earthquake Strikes Follow the advice from our ShakeOut friends: Pull over to the side of the road, stop, and set the parking brake. All content is �2007 Michigan Technological University. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Keep an eye out for broken water pipes, downed and live electrical lines and leaking gas lines. Gas leaks often cause fires to break out after an earthquake. Boston was heavily damaged. Do not run outside. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone). Gather information and … What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Permission granted for reproduction for non-commercial purposes. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Help others if you can. What to do after an earthquake. Expect aftershocks, If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available, If a person is not breathing administer CPR, DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury, COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm, Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help, Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor, Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring, Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them, SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas, DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house), FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards, CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass, If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days), Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak, USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking, If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe). Help others if you are able. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. After an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the earthquake. It explains the need for concern about earthquakes for those residents and describes what one can expect... Recovery from an earthquake like the M7.8 ShakeOut Scenario will be a major endeavor taking many years to complete. Following the first tremor, keep these safety tips in mind: Be prepared for aftershocks. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Stay in place (as long as it is safe to do so). Since an earthquake can happen at any moment, often with little warning, they’re one of the most frightening natural disasters. Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the most common after-effect of an earthquake is fire. Some of the things that must be considered after an earthquake can be listed as follows: 1. Photograph credit: Thomas Holzer, USGS. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. If the building appears unsafe get everyone out. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2004 was the deadliest year for earthquakes since the Renaissance Age, making it the second most fatal in recorded history, with more than 275,950 deaths reported from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26. After a major earthquake, you should remember that emergency services like fire, police, and medical personnel may be unavailable for extended periods of time. Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People, 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. What to do after an earthquake? Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. Be prepared for aftershocks. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Shout only as a last resort. They may come within minutes, hours, or days later, and can … Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. After an Earthquake AFTER the next big earthquake, your recovery and that of the community may take weeks to months or even longer. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) With the number of earthquakes increasing in several states, we offer the following information as public service. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Not only will learning what to do after an earthquake keep you safe in the event of an emergency, but knowing that you’re mentally prepared for anything might also give you a … Assess your home or workplace for damage. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Citizens should plan and practice what to do in the event of an earthquake in order to properly respond before, during, and after the shaking begins. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. What Should I Do Before, During, And After An Earthquake? Check your water and electrical lines for defects. During an earthquake. This brief guide provides information on how you can protect yourself and your family, before, during and after an earthquake. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. If you’re in a high-rise building after an earthquake hits, do not use the elevators to exit. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge. After an earthquake, there can be serious hazards such as damage to the building, leaking gas and water lines, or downed power lines. According to experts, aftershocks can continue for weeks, months, or even years. This means you need to: Board up broken windows or doors to clean up after an earthquake; Cover holes in walls and roofs with tarpaulins if it is safe for you to do so; Turn off leaking water and gas mains